What Is Melasma?
Melasma is a condition in which areas of the skin become darker than the surrounding skin. Doctors call this hyper-pigmentation. It typically occurs on the face, particularly the forehead, cheeks and above the upper lip. The dark patches often appear on both sides of the face in a nearly identical pattern. The darker-colored patches of skin can be any shade, from tan to deep brown. Rarely, these dark patches may appear on other sun-exposed areas of the body.
Causes of Melasma
- UV light: This pigmentation is light sensitive and UV exposure plays a significant role in causing the pigmentation.
- Hormones: This is very common in women during periods of hormonal changes especially pregnancy. Women who are on hormone tablets like the contraceptive pill or hormone replacement after menopause are also prone to develop this pigmentation.
- Genes:If the mother suffers from this form of pigmentation, it increases…
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