Tobacco contains chemicals that damage collagen.
• High sugar consumption: a diet high in sugar increases the rate of glycation, a process whereby sugar in the blood attaches to proteins to form new molecules called advanced glycation end products (AGEs). AGEs damage adjacent proteins and can make collagen dry, brittle, and weak.
• Smoking: many of the chemicals present in tobacco smoke damage both collagen and elastin in the skin. Nicotine also narrows the blood vessels in the outer layers of the skin, which is also bad for the skin’s health.
• Sunlight: Ultraviolet rays in sunlight cause collagen to break down at an increased rate, damaging collagen fibers and inducing the accumulation of abnormal elastin. Abnormal elastin leads to the production of an enzyme that can also break down collagen. This process can lead to the formation of solar scars.
• Autoimmune disorders: Some autoimmune disorders cause antibodies to target collagen. Mutations to the genes responsible for the coding of collagen alpha-chains can affect the extracellular matrix, leading to a decrease in the amount of collagen secreted, or to the secretion of dysfunctional mutant collagen.
Collagen levels deplete naturally over time and there is no way to prevent this from occurring. However, by taking precautionary measures, it is possible to protect the levels of collagen, keeping the skin, bones, muscles and joints healthy for longer.
For SKIN: Apply sunblock regularly for skin protection; Apply collagen-based skin care products like Lanelle Collagen Elastin Cream and Lanelle SBF Collagen Cream.